So I thought I'd tell you about it. And I thought I'd begin at the beginning -- not the beginning of jazz (wherever you decide to draw that particular line), but the beginning of an individual person's engagement with Jazz. Of course it won't be the absolute beginning -- who, growing up in our culture, hasn't heard snatches over loudspeakers. as background music in movies, and so forth. But the beginning of listening to any in any sort of a serious sustained way -- even, one might say, the beginning of listening to any on purpose. Sitting down to hear an album.
What should you listen to?
One might think it's a tricky question. Jazz is, after all, a whole musical world, with a huge tradition, a wide variety of sounds and styles, and a lengthy back catalog. It's not really that different from asking what rock album, or what classical music, should one listen to first. There are a hundred different answers, right?
You listen to Miles Davis's 1959 album Kind of Blue.
It's strange how obvious it is, but it is also completely, truly obvious. Anyone who tries to deny it is either being willfully perverse, or simply trying to be different.
Now, I'd heard Kind of Blue before: it was one of the dozen albums I got out of storage. I'd had it for decades -- ever since, probably when I was in college, I asked my father what one album I should listen to if I wanted to listen to a jazz album. and he walked me into a record store** and asked a rather gobsmacked clerk the same question. Naturally, inevitably, I walked out with the obvious choice.
Why is it so obvious? Because -- quite unusually, as far as art goes -- Kind of Blue combines four different, key things:
- It is, undeniably, a masterpiece of the art;
- It was an art-changing album, incredibly influential and innovative;
- It was and is beloved by jazz fanatics;
- It was and is beloved by people who don't otherwise like jazz at all;
- It was and is incredibly popular, selling more (I believe) than any other jazz album, ever
- It is something you can listen to over and over until you've played it so much that it's worn down the grooves in your record just from playing the mp3.
It has other things going for it. It's by Miles Davis -- he's the bandleader, and composed or co-composed all the tracks, in addition to playing trumpet -- who was unquestionably one of the handful of major musicians ever to play jazz. But most of the sidemen are giants, too. John Coltrane, an almost equally influential figure to Davis, played tenor sax on the album; Cannonball Adderley, yet another major figure, played alto sax. Bill Evans, a fourth giant, played piano on four of the five tracks, and co-wrote two (and the original liner notes.) If you're ever going to go beyond one album -- even to as many as five, and unquestionably if you go up to, say, twenty -- then you'll encounter those sidemen again as bandleaders in their own right (Coltrane definitely, Evans quite probably, Adderley probably). So by listening to Kind of Blue first, you get to know (if you read the credits and listen carefully) not just one, but several of the major figures in Twentieth Century jazz.***
As a starting place, Kind of Blue is just bloody perfect. People who don't usually like jazz like it, so it's a good place to start, since you'll probably like it. But people who do like jazz not only think it's brilliant, but know that it's a landmark of the tradition. It's not just an easy way in: it's the rich heart of it.
If you ask people what five or ten albums to start with, you'll get a lot of different answers. (Here are ten: one, two three, four, five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten.) But Kind of Blue is on every single list. Some of the lists include comments along the lines of "Any list that doesn’t include Kind of Blue as essential listening is worthless and can be instantly disregarded. Hell, I could make this #1-10 and still have a good list."
Now it's possible to find lists of this sort without Kind of Blue on them. (Here are two: one, two.) Most of these seem to be deliberate attempts to be different -- not to list what everyone else is listing. The first of those two begins by writing "It's too easy for someone to recommend John Coltrane, Miles Davis and Thelonious Monk. This aught [sic] to get you off to a different start." But of course the comment is self-refuting. It's easy, if you know something about jazz, to list those. But that's because you know something about jazz; the list is supposed to be for someone who doesn't. Also, it's easy because everyone knows what ought to be on such lists. Being different for its own sake has its place, but getting people into the basics of something isn't it. (Those lists are useful... for moving on from the first top ten. Not what they declare themselves to be, but what they, in fact, are.)
In fact, I must admit, while the whole album is clearly the first album to listen to, one track -- the first, "So What" --is clearly the most famous. In my current obsession I've been listening to mostly albums, but I have also looked at (if only for guidance in selection) four different anthology albums, all multi-disk sets which aim to introduce listeners to jazz. (I think they're frequently used for college courses; at least one was designed specifically for that.) The four that I've looked at -- so far as I can tell, the four major ones (but, again, I'm new to this) -- are:
- The 1973 collection called The Smithsonian Collection of Classic Jazz, edited by Martin T. Williams, which seems to have been the first of these for jazz;
- The 5-CD anthology called Ken Burns Jazz: The Story of American Music, which was released in 2000 to accompany the PBS documentary of the same title;****
- The accompanying four-CD set that goes along with Gary Giddins and Scott DeVeaux's 2009 book Jazz, a history of (and musical introduction to) the art, which seems to have become the standard textbook for introductory college classes on jazz (I have a library copy and have flipped through it, and as far as I can tell it looks quite good);
- The 2011 collection called Jazz: The Smithsonian Collection, which is supposed to be an updating of (and replacement for) the earlier Williams-edited one.
Now, what should be the second album is much harder -- after one, we have a legitimate difference of opinion. I hope to get into that in a later blog post. And beyond that it gets really complicated: if the lists of top tens are different, the lists which contain 25 or 50 or 100 albums are increasingly so (about which too I hope to have more to say anon). Increasingly you see different views of the matter; different tastes emerge. And at some point, of course, the explorer will start to develop their own. Yeah, high numbers are complicated.
But the first one? It's not hard. In fact, it's kind of simple.
Kind of obvious.
Kind of blue.
* The way my course on the history of American culture is structured (if you click through you can see the syllabus), I focus on 21 examples, each touching on various different themes and issues. One of those 21 is "Strange Fruit", written by Abel Meerpol and sung by Billie Holiday. Now, I had a (single) Holiday album on my computer even before this recent obsession. But in the classes I devoted to the song last semester, I spent much more time on the history of lynching, and the history of popular front culture (out of which cultural milieu Abel Meerpol sprang), than I did on the history of jazz (and most of that was about Holiday personally).
** I doubt they had many records by that point -- we bought it on CD. But I don't seem to recall them ever being called cassette stores or CD stores. Music stores, I guess. But we also called them record stores. Until we just started calling them "iTunes".
*** I don't know much about the other three players on the album -- remember, I'm just starting out. My sense is that they weren't figures of the stature of Davis, Coltrane, Evans and Adderly. Maybe I'll soon discover otherwise. (They certainly were all sidemen on a lot of major projects.) But, to complete the credits: Wynton Kelly played piano on the one track that Evans didn't play on. Paul Chambers played double bass on the album (and played on a lot of major albums by both Davis and Coltrane). And Jimmy Cobb played drums; as of right now, he is the last surviving musician to have played on Kind of Blue.
**** In addition to the 5-CD set, there was also a series of 22 albums, each serving as a "best of" of one of 22 jazz musicians. (You certainly can't fault PBS for inadequate merchandising.) And there was also a single CD called The Best of Ken Burns Jazz, which was a "greatest hits" of the 5-CD greatest hits selection -- a distillation of the distillation, all of jazz in 20 tracks. One of those 20, naturally, is "So What" off of Kind of Blue.